The Difference Between Descriptive and Experimental Research

descriptive and experimental research

Approaching every subject from multiple angles is what science is all about. Scientists worldwide conduct studies in the hope of unlocking many unanswered inquiries. Applying several methods increases the chances of finding the correct answers.

What’s fascinating concerning mixed scientific approaches is that explanatory and practical examinations complement each other in multiple ways. One study provides a deeper understanding of an issue, while the other proves theories or theses, including practical applications.

Descriptive Analysis Approach

Every study needs empirical data plus statistical records representing a basis for further examination. Making conclusions empty-handed resembles guessing or playing the lottery. That’s not how science works. Many theories become obsolete or swapped over time. However, science based on evidence and proven assumptions is the best thing we have right now for describing the nature of reality. Collecting data is where everything truly begins.

Empirical Research Services

During the preliminary studies phase, the expression initial sample usually comes to mind. All facts are accurately confirmed by conducting investigations on the right group of subjects. Often, people represent such subjects. Thus, defining certain characteristics is essential.

We are talking roughly describing criteria regarding age, sex, or education levels. Professionals who understand descriptive methodology or experimental research methodology, like experts at research paper writing service Edusson, know how to make a good scientific report that meets modern academic standards.

The use of such a service can be helpful if you need to become more familiar with understanding such methods. Apart from taking representative samples, there are many important mysteries still unanswered. Proper samples are just used for credible results. Surveys or subject studies come after reaching the targeted group.

The goal is to collect enough reliable data which can be quantified and thus made into stats. It sounds simple, but even the tiniest step in collecting raw data is crucial. It is especially defining representative sample criteria. Surveys are done online or in person with descriptive or binary questions. Defining every question or type of survey is a job of a skilled researcher.

Anyway, once a college writer wishes to conduct a serious study, he should learn everything involving proper methodologies. Otherwise, his outcomes won’t stand as entirely credible. Non-credible effects are useless to anyone, especially scientists who use such data as a basis for serious scientific work. Employing proper data collection methods is crucial. In a nutshell, researchers always do the following:

  • Define Preliminary Sample Criteria
  • Conduct Surveys on Proper Samples or Study Groups
  • Quantifying Effects in the Form of Stats or Infographics
  • Minimize Biases To Create Accurate Outcomes
  • Providing Valuable Insights Concerning Future Analysis

Experimental Research Methodology

Now we possess some basis and can conduct real experiments. Science revolves around proving or disapproving hypotheses. A new kind of study is needed to achieve a reasonable level of reliability. Science equals experimenting and doing some laboratory shenanigans. Unlike the descriptive method, utilizing a scientific approach requires changing variables, thus monitoring the effect of such change.

Empirical info is only used for better insight, which gives those smart scientists an idea. That idea is called a hypothesis. These assumptions usually revolve around cause-and-effect relations that certain variables hold on a given sample. Possibly, the effect of drinking too much coffee on a college writer’s performance.

Now, many variables affect one’s writing, but for the sake of proving a postulated theory, researchers keep them constant or not existent. It’s called a controlled environment. Observing a study group affected by an inconstant condition is the next step. All changes occurring within that party are seen as caused by a controlled variable.

In our claim, many cups of tea. Every disparity between affected and non-affected groups is carefully analyzed. Confirming the initial thesis that eleven cups of tea per night makes college students write higher-quality paper assignments takes many rounds of examination. Confirming the proposed thesis with a great level of reliability is every scientist’s greatest joy. Briefly, examiners do the following:

  • Use empirical data as input for their study
  • Proposing a cause-and-effect theory
  • Creating Control Environment with two or more study clusters
  • Changing variable’s values, thus observing their effect on study clusters
  • Interpreting effects, thus confirming or disapproving the initial hypothesis

Difference Between Descriptive vs. Experimental Research

In a nutshell, both approaches contribute equally to broadening human knowledge. One’s goal is seldom collecting useful information to form inputs concerning future endeavors, so a descriptive approach is a way to go. It boils down to classifying survey effects into different categories.

Playing inside the lab seems rather exciting. Especially during interesting studies involving experiments. An example, how does piano music affect cat behavior? Controlling certain values and their outcomes seems quite thrilling. Frequently, the consequences surprise everybody. Both techniques differ in handling data by:

  • Utilizing it for surveys versus forming a basis for a hypothesis
  • Operating Statistics Vs. Controlling Variables
  • Creating representative sample versus Creating study groups
  • Quantifying facts Vs. Proving Theories


Collecting data regarding a subject usually comes before testing one’s hypotheses. That’s why descriptive study always comes first by providing a foundation for later scientific studies. Yet, these complementary approaches often do have diverse methodologies. Understanding them leads to better scientific examination.

Think in terms of which strategy works in your favor before conducting any study. Considering what goals to achieve repeatedly determines the method itself. Once choosing raw facts is crucial, take an ideal approach. Remember, there are a lot of Excel tables involved here. If disapproving quantum entanglement is your thing, get ready to conduct science experiments. Either way, make sure to understand the process and the methodology of both methods, especially when writing a paper assignment.

Amie has a love for numbers and holds a master’s degree in finance. When she’s not playing with numbers or words or pottering in the garden, you can find her in the kitchen roasting her own coffee beans.

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